HFAC July 17th Mark-Up
NOTE: Back in April, Khaled Elgindy and I wrote in Foreign Policy: “Given the political difficulty associated with challenging Israeli policies and the overall hopelessness of the Trump approach, many in the Democratic Party establishment seem to believe their best option is to double down in support of the policies of the pre-Trump era while simultaneously imposing limits on dissent and debate.” The July 17 mark-up of H. Res. 246 and H. Res. 326 is a clear demonstration of what we were describing.
(BASHING BOYCOTTS & BOYCOTTERS OF ISRAEL/SETTLEMENTS) H. Res. 246: Recent rumors suggesting that House leadership has decided to move ahead with H. Res. 246 — a resolution that delegitimizes boycotts of Israel and/or settlements, and maligns supporters/defenders of this form of protected free speech — were officially confirmed on 7/11, as the House Foreign Affairs Committee announced it would mark up the measure on July 17th. In parallel, HFAC took to Twitter to defend the measure and “set the record straight” as to the “facts” of the bill (also available here). For folks who are interested in a somewhat different view of the facts, including facts that HFAC seems want to minimize or ignore, see my twitter thread from earlier this week. Notably, the HFAC is touting support for the bill from a number of progressive Jewish organizations. H. Res. 246 currently has 338 cosponsors (6 of whom signed on this week). The Senate companion, S. Res. 120, currently has 64 cosponsors. Both resolutions are still featured as top priorities on AIPAC’s website [on the same page that includes memos making the case in support of binding legislation to quash boycotts of Israel/settlements].
(WE <HEART> 2SS [JUST DON’T ASK US TO DO ANYTHING CONCRETE TO SUPPORT IT]) H. Res. 326: Introduced 4/25 by Lowenthal (D-CA), Bass (D-CA) and Connolly (D-VA), and currently having 144 all-Democratic cosponsors, “Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding United States efforts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through a negotiated two-state solution.” This resolution, which is likely backed by largely good intentions but is entirely disconnected from current realities, will also be marked up in HFAC on July 17th. The Senate companion version, S. Res. 234, has 9 cosponsors (8 Democrats, 1 Independent).
(SANCTIONING EVERYONE WHO GOES NEAR HAMAS) HR 1850: Introduced 3/21 by Mast (R-FL), Gottheimer (D-NJ), Engel (D-NY) McCaul (R-TX), and having a whopping 37 cosponsors, the “Palestinian International Terrorism Support Prevention Act.” This bill, introduced around the AIPAC Policy Conference (but not listed at the time as an AIPAC lobbying item) was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Financial Services, and not heard from again — until it showed up on the mark-up calendar in HFAC for July 17. As I noted in the March 22nd edition of the Round-Up, the far-reaching bill would seem to have implications for countries that deal with Gaza, including Egypt, Qatar, and Turkey, not to mention Israel (which is actively complicit in getting cash to Gaza for Hamas). But don’t worry, it has waivers.
(IRAN IN FY20 INTELL AUTH BILL) HR 3494: Introduced 6/26 by Schiff (D-CA), the “Damon Paul Nelson and Matthew Young Pollard Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.” As introduced, the bill makes only passing reference to Iran, in Section. 305, listing countries covered by a requirement entitled “Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain security and counterintelligence concerns.” The bill, as reported out of the Select Intelligence Committee on 7/8 (report is here), adds two additional Iran-specific provisions: Sec. 2707, requiring a far-reaching report “on Iranian support of proxy forces in Syria and Lebanon” and Sec. 2708, requiring a detailed annual report “on Iranian expenditures supporting foreign military and terrorist activities.”
(GULF FRIENDS – CAN’T YOU ALL JUST GET ALONG?) H. Res. 482: Introduced 7/10 by Bilirakis (R-FL) and Maloney (D-NY), “Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding United States efforts to promote peace and stability in the Gulf region between and among United States allies.” Referred to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.
(TURKEY & ARMENIA – CAN’T YOU GET ALONG?) H. Res. 475: Introduced 7/9 by Stiver (R-OH) and Hastings (D-FL). “Calling on the President to work toward equitable, constructive, stable, and durable Armenian-Turkish relations based upon the two countries’ common interests and the United States’ significant security interests in the region.” Referred to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.
(LET’S TALK ABOUT KSA-USA RELATIONS, BABY) S. 2066: Introduced 7/9 by SFRC Chairman Risch (D-ID), and SFRC members Shaheen (D-NH), Rubio (R-FL), and Coons (D-DE), “A bill to review United States Saudi Arabia Policy, and for other purposes,” aka, “the Saudi Arabia Diplomatic Review Act of 2019 (SADRA).” Referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. Risch press release is here (with quotes from all of the original cosponsors). Rubio press release is here.
(SUDAN SPRING?) S. Res. 188: Introduced 5/2 by Cruz (R-TX) and having 30 bipartisan cosponsors, “A resolution encouraging a swift transfer of power by the military to a civilian-led political authority in the Republic of the Sudan, and for other purposes.” On 7/9, amended and adopted by unanimous consent (Senate Amendment 909). Cruz press release: Cruz-Durbin Sudan Resolution Passes Senate
(REJECTING TWITTER RESPONSE) Zeldin et al letter: On 7/10, 12 GOP House members, led by Zeldin (R-NY), sent an irate letter to a Twitter official rejecting Twitter’s response [which, to be fair, is pretty bizarre] to a letter some of these same House members sent almost exactly a month ago. That letter urged Twitter to “ban senior Hamas officials and associates from Twitter,” closing with a barely veiled threat: “We hope Twitter will take action without the need for additional Congressional oversight and legislative action.” Press release about the new House letter is here; press release about original House letter is here.
(KILL THE JCPOA ONCE & FOR ALL) Cruz/Cotton/Rubio letter to Trump: On 7/2, Senators Cruz (R-TX), Cotton (R-AR) and Rubio (R-TX) sent a letter to President Trump urging him to “increase pressure on Iran’s nuclear program.” Specifically, the letter calls on Trump to end all civil-nuclear waivers and to go to the UNSC and invoke the “snapback” mechanism (to compel the international community to re-impose comprehensive sanctions) — moves that, if accomplished, would once and for all kill the JCPOA. Cruz press release is here. Cruz speech at CUFI (calling for these same two actions) is here.
(STATE DEPT NON-ANSWER TO ENGEL/DEUTCH ON AUMF & IRAN) Letter from DOS: On 6/28, the Department of State’s Assistant Secretary of State for Legal Affairs sent a letter to Engel (D-NY) responding to a letter Engel and Deutch (D-FL) sent on 6/25 to the State Department’s Legal Advisor asking (explicitly) for “Any and all legal analysis, whether contained in electronic documents, emails, or hard copy, concerning, relating, or referring in any way to whether the 2001 or 2002 AUMFs are applicable to any actions that could be undertaken by the Executive Branch in or against the Islamic Republic of Iran.” Rather than directly answer that request, the State Department’s response to Engel says…nothing, other than to assert that the Department has “great respect for Congress’s role in authorizing the use of military force” and offer some generic statements about the Administration’s Iran policy [the complete non-responsiveness of the response is, in fact, rather stunning]. Engel’s press release regarding State’s response is here; press release about the original letter to State is here.
(CALL OUT MBS AT OSAKA SUMMIT) Menendez letter to Trump: On 6/28, Menendez (D-NJ) sent a letter to President Trump urging him to take advantage of his meeting with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman during the upcoming G20 Summit in Osaka “to address actions from the Kingdom that are fundamentally at odds with U.S. foreign policy and values and undermine international stability,” most notably, “Saudi Arabia’s rash foreign policy and human rights abuses, both within the Kingdom and abroad.” The letter enumerates a number of specific issues of concern, including KSA actions in Yemen, KSA’s arrest/detention of human rights defenders, and the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. [Anyone who saw the video/photos from the summit knows that Trump not only ignored this ask, he did the opposite]. Menendez’s press release is here.
(CLARIFY TRUMP IRAN GOALS/STRATEGY) Lieu et al letter to Trump: On 6/26 (not previously reported), Rep. Lieu (D-CA) and 22 House colleagues sent a letter to President Trump expressing concern “that various members of your Administration have articulated different goals when it comes to Iran. For instance, National Security Advisor John Bolton has made statements in the past about regime change, while Secretary of State Pompeo has set forth 12 demands for Iran, the majority of which are unrelated to nonproliferation. To add to the discordance, you have stated a desire simply for a stronger nuclear deal.” The letter goes on to ask Trump to answer a number of questions, noting that “Congress and the American people have the right to know what your Administration’s goals—and the strategy for achieving those goals—actually are for Iran.” Press release is here.
As noted in the June 28, 2019 edition of the Round-Up, on 6/19 the House version of the FY20 NDAA, HR 2500, was reported out of the Committee on Armed Services with a report (H. Rept. 116-120) and on 6/27, the Committee filed a supplemental report (H. Rept. 116-120). Middle East-related elements in the bill, as reported in the House on 6/19 (as amended in Committee) are:
- Section 1215. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Libya, and Yemen.
- Section 1221. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
- Section 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
- Section 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support operations and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
- Section 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of support to certain organizations.
- Section 1225. Rule of construction relating to use of military force against Iran.
- Section 1226. Sense of Congress on support for Ministry of Peshmerga forces of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
- From the funding tables in the bill: $300 million for Israeli Cooperative Programs; $95 million for Iron Dome; $55 million for the Arrow 3 Upper Tier Systems; and $50 million for the SRBMD program.
Since then, a whopping 683 amendments were offered to the bill, of which the Rules Committee made 439(!) in order (meaning they will be voted on by the House, either individually or in “en bloc” amendments). Listed below are the Middle East-related amendments that were offered and the decision of the Rules Committee on their fate:
Made in Order & Voted on by the House this Week
Amdt #35, offered by Lee (D-CA) et al, to repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 (Public Law 107-243; 50 USC. 1541). ADOPTED by a recorded vote of 242-180.
Amdt #71, offered by Engel (D-NY), to preserve Congressional review of arms exports. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc #1.
Amdt #83, offered by Sherman (D-CA), to prevent funds from being spent on the production of a Nonproliferation Assessment Statement with a country that has not signed an Additional Protocol agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency [clearly targeted at KSA]. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc #1; Sherman press release touting passage is here.
Amdt #84 (revised – revised version), offered by Sherman (D-CA) et al, to amend the Arms Export Control Act to give India the same status as NATO allies, Israel, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand in terms of the number of Executive Branch approvals are needed for arms sales. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc #14.
Amdt #193, offered by Fortenberry (R-NE), providing a Sense of Congress supporting the conditions for security of displaced Christians and other religious minorities in Northern Iraq and to enable their safe return home. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc #5.
Amdt #210, offered by Zeldin (R-NY) and Luria (D-VA), requiring a report on the relationship between the Lebanese Armed Forces and Hizballah. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc #14.
Amdt #272, offered by Frankel (D-FL), to prohibit funding for missiles noncompliant with the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty until the Secretary of Defense meets certain conditions. [NOTE: This amendment is not explicitly about Israel or the Mideast, but in the floor debate, an argument marshaled against it is that it would hurt Israel]. ADOPTED by a recorded vote of 215-214.
Amdt #289, offered by Gottheimer (D-NJ) to add Hamas, Hizballah, Palestine Islamic Jihad, al-Shabaab, Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps to the organizations prohibited from being provided weapons. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc #7.
Amdt #320, offered by Gottheimer (D-NJ), to add “anti-Semitism” to the list of questions about workplace experiences on DOD surveys. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc #7.
Amdt #339, offered by Khanna (D-CA), to prohibit support to and participation in the Saudi-led coalition’s military operations against the Houthis in Yemen. Floor debate on the amendment is here. ADOPTED by a recorded vote of 240-185.
Amdt #368, offered by Lee (D-CA), expressing the sense of Congress that the 2001 AUMF has been utilized well beyond the scope that Congress intended, that it has served a blank check for any President to wage war at any time and any place, and that any new authorization for the use of military force to replace the 2001 AUMF should include a sunset clause, a clear and specific expression of objectives, targets, and geographic scope, and reporting requirements. ADOPTED by a recorded vote of 237-183.
Amdt #369, offered by Cuellar (D-TX), requesting the DOD, in collaboration with the Department of State and USAID, perform three assessments on US funding and resource allocations Western Hemisphere, including focusing on investments made by China, Iran, and Russia in the Western Hemisphere. Adopted as part of En Bloc amendment (#4).
Amdt #377, offered by Gabbard (D-HI), to prohibit funds from the Special Defense Acquisition Fund to aid Saudi Arabia or the United Arab Emirates if such assistance could be used to conduct or continue hostilities in Yemen. ADOPTED by a recorded vote of 239-187.
Amdt #418, offered by Lieu (D-CA), to prohibit refueling to non-United States aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing civil war in Yemen until a specific authorization has been enacted. REVISED (revised text), Adopted as part of En Bloc amendment (#10).
Amdt #419, offered by Lieu (D-CA), to prohibit funds from being used to transfer any defense articles or services to Saudi Arabia or the United Arab Emirates under the emergency authority of the Arms Export Control Act that circumvents congressional review. ADOPTED by a recorded vote of 246-180.
Amdt #450, offered by Biggs (R-AZ), to express a sense of Congress about the importance of the U.S.-Israel relationship. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc amendment (#2), Biggs floor statement expressing his happiness is here.
Amdt #475, offered by Malinowski (D-NJ) et al, requiring an ODNI determination of parties responsible for the torture, murder, and dismemberment of Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi, imposes visa sanctions, and provides for a waiver if Saudi Arabia meets certain conditions. REVISED (revised text). ADOPTED as part of En Bloc amendment (#2).
Amdt #495, offered by Doggett (D-TX), to ensure an assessment of the policy and operational necessity, risks, benefits and costs of establishing military-to-military discussions with Iran. ADOPTED as part of En Bloc amendment (#4).
Amdt #509, offered by Engel (D-NY), to improve congressional oversight of the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) by requiring the President to submit reports and provide briefings on actions related to that authority. MADE IN ORDER. Adopted as part of En Bloc amendment (#16).
Made in Order & Pending a Vote as of 12:45pm on 7/12
Amdt #431, offered by Price (D-NC) et al, to require a report from the President on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran to prevent miscalculation. Included in En Bloc #13 (vote pending).
Amdt #473, offered by Malinowski (D-NJ) et al, providing for a one-year prohibition on the sale of air-to-ground munitions used in the conflict in Yemen to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. REVISED, (revised text). Recorded vote requested.
Not Made in Order & Or Withdrawn
Amdt #81, offered by Sherman (D-CA), to require the President to certify annually that Saudi Arabia does not have, is not building, and is not trying to acquire uranium enrichment or reprocessing capabilities; failure to make this certification would prohibit any arms sales to Saudi Arabia. NOT MADE IN ORDER.
Amdt #163, offered by Jackson Lee (D-TX), to bar the use of funds to conduct offensive military operations against Iran in accordance with any plan recommended by the National Security Council if one or more statutory members of the National Security Council has not been confirmed by the Senate. NOT MADE IN ORDER.
Amdt #170, offered by Ruiz (D-CA), authorizing assistance in the form of training, equipment, supplies, and small-scale military construction to countries bordering the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea to help them deter and combat illegal smuggling and related maritime activity by Iran. REVISED & NOT MADE IN ORDER.
Amdt #178, offered by Pence (R-IN) and Gallego (D-AZ), to allow the families of the 1983 Marine Barracks bombing victims in Beirut, Lebanon, to execute on $1.68 billion in Iranian funds. REVISED & NOT MADE IN ORDER. [NOTE: This extremely problematic provision was already added into the Senate version of the NDAA – see the June 28, 2019 edition of the Round-Up for details]
Amdt #211, offered by Zeldin (R-NY), requiring the President to report on the use by the Government of Iran of commercial aircraft and related services for illicit military or other activities. NOT MADE IN ORDER.
Amdt #267, offered by DeFazio (D-OR) et al, to amend the definitions of “hostilities” and “armed forces” in the War Powers Resolution to prevent the Executive Branch from avoiding the congressional reporting and counseling requirements of the War Powers Resolution if it sends U.S. armed forces into hostilities without congressional authorization. REVISED & NOT MADE IN ORDER.
Amdt #274, offered by Davidson (R-OH), providing a Sense of Congress that the legal authority of the 2001 AUMF and Iraq AUMF is uncertain and that Congress should authorize force against the Islamic State. NOT MADE IN ORDER.
Amdt #306, offered by Meadows (R-NC), to require the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State to jointly certify and report to Congress that assistance to the Ministry of the Interior of Iraq under the Iraq Train and Equip Fund will not be disbursed to any group that is, or is known to be affiliated with, the IRGC – Quds Force or other state sponsor of terrorism. WITHDRAWN.
Amdt #417, offered by Lieu (D-CA) requiring a legal review of war crimes in Yemen by the General Counsel of the Department of Defense and the Legal Adviser to the Department of State for purposes of compliance with relevant provisions of domestic law. WITHDRAWN
Amdt #565, offered by Schiff (D-CA), to sunset the 2002 AUMF immediately; Sunsets the 2001 AUMF on the 20th anniversary of its passage, Clarifies that 2001 AUMF does not apply to Iran; and creates a procedure to provide for expedited consideration of a replacement AUMF, if required. NOT MADE IN ORDER.
Amdt #613, offered by Yoho (R-FL), to require reports on the cost of the US drone shot down by the Iranians on June 20, 2019 and begins the process of using frozen Iranian funds to pay for the downed drone. NOT MADE IN ORDER.
In addition, the Rules Committee considered a motion from Cole (R-OK) that would have, as part of the agreement on bringing the NDAA to the floor, would also have brought to the floor as a standalone measure HR 1372, a bill introduced back in February by Gallagher (R-WI) “to clarify that it is United States policy to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights.” That motion was defeated by a party-line vote of 4-8.
7/17: The House Foreign Affairs Committee will a hold a markup of the following pieces of legislation: H.Res. 326, Expressing the sense of the House regarding United States efforts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through a negotiated two-state solution; H.Res. 246, Opposing efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel and the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel; HR 1850, Palestinian International Terrorism Support Prevention Act of 2019; and HR 3501, Safeguard our Elections and Combat Unlawful Interference in Our Democracy Act. Fore details of the first 3 measures, see Section 1, above.
7/16: The Senate Foreign Relations Committee will hold a hearing entitled, “Iraq: A Crossroads of U.S. Policy.” The sole witness will be acting Assistant Principal Deputy Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs Joan Polaschik.
7/11: The House Committee on Foreign Affairs’ Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations held a hearing entitled, “The State Department and USAID FY 2020 Operations Budget.” Witnesses were: Carol Perez, Director General of the Foreign Service and Director of Human Resources, Department of State Bureau of Human Resources (statement); Douglas Pitkin Director, State Department Bureau of Budget and Planning (statement); Frederick Nutt, Assistant USAID Administrator, Bureau for Management (statement); and Bob Leavitt, USAID Chief Human Capital Officer (statement). Video is here.
7/11: The House Appropriations Committee’s State & Foreign Operations Subcommittee held a hearing entitled, “Management Challenges and Oversight of Department of State and United States Agency for International Development Programs.” Witnesses were: Ann Calvaresi Barr, Inspector General, USAID (statement); and Steve Linick, Inspector General, U.S. Department of State (statement). Video is here.
7/10: The Senate Foreign Relations Committee held a hearing entitled, “Defense Cooperation: Use of Emergency Authorities Under the Arms Export Control Act.” The sole witness was R. Clarke Cooper, Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs (statement). The focus of Cooper’s statement is making the case that the threat posed by Iran justifies the Administration using Emergency Authorities under the Arms Export Control Act (shocker, I know). Video of the hearing is here. Chairman Risch’s (R-ID) opening statement is here; Ranking Member Menendez’s (D-NJ) statement is opening here. Also see: Cruz (R-TX) press release, “Sen. Cruz to State Department: Follow the Law and Respect It – Highlights threat of Iran, questions State Department’s decision to circumvent Congress in arms sales”
7/9: The Senate Armed Services Committee held a hearing entitled, “Implementation of the National Defense Strategy in the United States Southern Command Area of Responsibility.” The sole witness was Admiral Craig S. Faller, USN Commander, U.S. Southern Command (testimony, including a section on Iran). Video is here.
McSally (R-AZ) 7/11: McSally Presses Top Defense Official on Iran, North Korea
Olson (R-TX) 7/11: Floor speech, “Antics of the Iranian Navy” [“…the world’s champion crybaby, the Islamic Republic of Iran, threw another hissy fit this week…Why are the insane Iranians becoming more insane? And that is because the Mullahs who have run their country now for 50
years know they are dying. And, like a dying animal, they are going to fight for their last breath of power. They are dying because of America, the American energy revolution, started primarily and thriving in Texas and the Permian Basin. Oil is their only source of money in the entire country of Iran. They have nothing else. The Permian Basin, by itself, next year will produce more oil than every country in the world except for Saudi Arabia. We have many more shale plains across America: Barnett, Eagle Ford, Bakken, Marcellus–over and over and over. They know we are putting them in the dumpsters of history. Uncle Sam is forcing the mullahs and the leaders of the military to learn new languages, new words to explain their demise, words like “good-bye,” “ta-ta,” “adieu,” “adios,” and “sayonara” to go with “khodahafez,” which, in Farsi, means “good-bye.” I want to salute the people of Iran. The dark times are going to end
quickly. You will be free from oppression from the leaders in your own country. I would like to give a salute to the mullahs and the Iranian Navy and the military. Good-bye. Adios. And that’s just the way it is.”
Cruz (R-TX) 7/10: Sen. Cruz Calls on Trump Administration to Immediately Cancel Civil-Nuclear Waivers
Rubio (R-FL) 7/9: Rubio Praises New Treasury Sanctions on Iran-Backed Hizballah Operatives for Supporting Terrorism
Cruz (R-TX) 7/9: CUFI Speech, “Sen. Cruz: ‘We Need to Revoke Every Single One of the Civilian Nuclear Waivers’ Allowing Iran to Build up Its Nuclear Program
Zeldin (R-NY) 7/9: Rep. Zeldin Meets with Constituent Representatives of CUFI
Bustos (D-IL) 7/9: Bustos Returns From Bipartisan Congressional Mission To Middle East
Chip (R-TX) 7/9: Rep. Chip Roy On The 14th Annual Christians United for Israel (CUFI)
McCaul (R-TX) 7/8: ICYMI: Lead Republican McCaul Discusses U.S.-Israel Partnership, Security in the Middle East & More at CUFI Summit 2019
Deutch (D-FL) 7/8: Deutch, Bipartisan Congressional Delegation Conclude Visit to Qatar, Cyprus, and Greece
Cotton (R-AR) 7/8: Cotton Statement on Iran’s New Breach of Nuclear Deal Restrictions
Deutch (D-FL) 7/5: Deutch, Congressional Delegation Conclude Visit to Israel [Delegation list: Deutch (D-FL), Bilirakis (R-FL), Cuellar (D-TX), Weber (R-TX), Cheri Bustos (D-IL), Radewagen (R-AS), Peters (D-CA), Gonzalez-Colon (R-PR), Rice (D-NY), Soto (D-FL)]
Moulton (D-MA) 7/3: Statement attempting to rationalize his decision to not support the current version of McCollum’s bill related to Israel’s treatment of Palestinian children
Menendez (D-NJ) 7/2: Menendez Demands Investigation into Reports that UAE Illegally Gave US Arms to Libyan Militants
Cheney (R-WY) 7/2: Cheney: Iran’s Actions Are The Direct Result Of President Obama’s Failure
Rubio (R-FL) 7/2: Rubio Statement on Iranian Regime’s Latest Violation of Nuclear Deal
Cruz (R-TX) 7/1: Sen. Cruz Issues Statement on Iran’s JCPOA Violation
Engel (D-NY) 7/1: Statement on Trump-Erdogan bilateral meeting
Markey (D-MA) 7/1: Senator Markey Statement on Iran’s Nuclear Program
Cotton (R-AR) 7/1: Cotton Statement on Iran’s Nuclear Escalation